Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is a life-long disease that affects the way your body handles glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.
Type 2 diabetes (earlier known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
Diabetes is a growing challenge in India with estimated 8.7% diabetic population in the age group of 20 and 70 years.
The rising prevalence of Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and other noncommunicable diseases is driven by a combination of factors – rapid urbanization, inactive lifestyles, unhealthy diets, tobacco use, and increasing life expectancy.
Causes of Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus:
Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones.
A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should.
Insulin resistance is the most common cause of non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Genetics: Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes can be hereditary. Scientists have found different bits of DNA that affect how your body makes insulin.
Obesity: Being overweight can cause insulin resistance, especially if you carry your extra pounds around the middle.
Now Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes affects kids and teens as well as adults, mainly because of childhood obesity.
Diabetes and obesity are lifetime disorders that are on the rise worldwide. Body mass index has a strong relationship to diabetes and insulin resistance.
In this disease, the body makes enough insulin but the cells in the body have become resistant to the salutary action of insulin.
Lifestyle: Your lifestyle also plays major role in development of Diabetes. If your lifestyle is sedentary and you eat excess amount of carbohydrates there are chances of getting Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Diseases like Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also cause Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes.
How to treat non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus:
Yes, Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes is reversible and you can get rid of it totally.
You have to focus on two things only:
If you have to choose between Diet and workout, you should choose a diet. But actually both of them equally important.
Let’s see this in more detail.
Carbohydrates are biggest enemy of Diabetic or any human being. When you eat Carbohydrates your body produce hormone called Insulin.
Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein
Insulin gives fast response to sugar.
When you intake carbohydrates, Insulin spikes in blood. This Insulin spike causes fat gain. Again speed of Insulin spike is depends on type of carbs. Simple sugar or complex carb.
This fat gain increases Insulin resistance and leads to Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes.
Sooner or later you will eventually get Diabetes if you eating high amount of carbs.
When you limit or totally avoid carbohydrates in your diet. That fat gain stops. You slowly get more sensitive to Insulin.
Low carb diets are always better for non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
What’s more, low-carb diets seem to work well in the long term, as long as patients stick to the diet.
In one study, Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetics followed a low-carb diet for 6 months.
Their diabetes remained well controlled more than 3 years later if they stuck to the diet.
Similarly, when people with type 1 diabetes followed a carb-restricted diet, those who followed the diet saw a significant improvement in blood sugar levels over a 4-year period.
To reverse non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus aka Type 2 diabetes Ketogenic diet is best.
Alpha-lipoic acid is an antioxidant that’s in many foods, and it’s made naturally in our bodies.
For many years, high doses of alpha-lipoic acid supplements have been used in parts of Europe for certain types of nerve damage.
Studies suggest that they might also help with Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes.
We have strong evidence that alpha-lipoic acid supplements help with non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Several studies have found that they can improve insulin resistance.
Studies also found that alpha-lipoic acid supplements can help with neuropathy — nerve damage — caused by diabetes or cancer treatment. They seem to reduce symptoms like pain, tingling, and prickling in the feet and legs.
It may also help protect the retina from some of the damage that can occur in people with diabetes.
Chromium is a mineral. It is called an “essential trace element” because very small amounts of chromium are necessary for human health.
Chromium might help keep blood sugar levels normal by improving the way our bodies use insulin.
If you have diabetes, stevia may help keep your blood sugar levels in check.
One 2010 study of 19 healthy, lean participants and 12 overweight participants found that stevia significantly lowered insulin and glucose levels.
It also left study participants satisfied and full after eating, despite the lower calorie intake.
Fasting while taking diabetes medications can increase the risk of low blood glucose, a potentially lowering of blood glucose.
Thus the warning that people should not try this without being monitored by an experienced healthcare provider.
When done correctly, however, intermittent fasting combined with a low carb diet may be the best treatment of Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus that we have ever seen.
You can do following small changes in diet to improve glucose levels:
- Use stevia instead of table sugar.
- Use brown bread instead of white.
- Supplement Alpha lipoic acid.
- Supplement Chromium picolinate.
- Intermittent fasting also works good.
Depending upon type of exercises, exercise can help you to manage your blood sugar.
While you exercise your body use glucose as energy and reduces from your blood.
Increase activity in general—such as walking or climbing stairs—rather than a particular type of exercise.
However, don’t rely on housework or other daily activity as your sole exercise. Too often, people overestimate the amount of exercise they get.
exercise can reduce the glucose in your blood. Muscles can use glucose without insulin when you’re exercising.
In other words, it doesn’t matter if you’re insulin resistant or if you don’t have enough insulin: when you exercise, your muscles get the sugar they need, and in turn, your blood sugar level goes down.
If you are staying active by focusing on aerobic exercise, you may not be reaping all the benefits of an effective Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus exercise plan.
Aerobic exercise is terrific — it can improve heart health and lower your risk for heart attack or stroke.
But strengthening your muscles is another important part of staying healthy when you have non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes.
Benefits of strength training from my blog: Weight training 101
- Boost in metabolism
- Increase in bone density
- Improved sleep quality
- Reduce mental stress
- Anti-aging effects
- Increase in muscle mass
- Decrease in fat
- Stronger muscles can improve your posture and help keep your body in balance.
- Stronger muscles can prevent injuries.
- Stronger muscles can help with your everyday activities, such as lugging shopping bags, moving furniture, lifting kids and strollers, and so on.
- Gaining control over your training program will lead to taking control over your whole life.
- It can help prevent osteoporosis.
You should take care of following things before workout:
Get your doctor’s OK before starting an exercise program. Make sure your doctor reviews your diabetes drugs.
Carry at least 15 grams of a fast-acting carbohydrate in case of low blood sugar.
It might be a half-cup of fruit juice or sugar tablets or gels that equal 15 grams.
Wear well-fitting shoes that are for the activity you’re doing, and choose athletic polyester socks. They dry quicker and cause less friction than all-cotton socks.
Inspect your feet before and after exercise. Check for blisters or sores.
Drink plenty of fluid before, during, and after exercise.
Wear a medical ID bracelet or carry a medical ID in your pocket.
Check your blood sugar level before and after exercise to make sure it’s in your target range.
Your doctor can tell you what it should be before you start exercising. This is very important if you take insulin.
After an intense workout or exercising for a long time, you may want to eat something with at least 15 grams of carbohydrates within 2 hours.
This will help you avoid low blood sugar. (Depending on your diet)
If you become shaky, anxious, or more sweaty than usual, or feel a change in your heartbeat, stop exercising right away and check your blood sugar.
If it is low, follow your doctor’s advice about how to treat it.
Always warm up for 5 to 10 minutes at the start of your workout. For instance, walk or bike slowly. Do 5 to 10 minutes of cool-down and gentle stretching at the end.
Simple tips for starting exercises:
- First of all Start now. no tomorrow, next Monday, next month etc.
- Start with 15 min of walking
- Start 30 min weight training.
- Stairs instead of elevator.
- Stretch every day.
As a diabetic, you have to be serious at this moment.
Untreated diabetes can cause lots of complications:
Long-term complications of diabetes develop gradually. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is the higher the risk of complications.
Eventually, diabetes complications may be disabling or even life-threatening. Possible complications include:
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Nerve damage (neuropathy).
- Kidney damage (nephropathy)
- Eye damage (retinopathy).
- Foot damage.
- Hearing impairment.
So how can I say that “Non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is curable!!!”
Here are some stories of reversing Type 2 aka non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes:
Story of my friend who achieved great fat loss:
Just this last year, my husband got very sick. When he went to the emergency room, the diagnosis was not only an infection but diabetes.
His fasting blood sugar was over 300. His hemoglobin A1C (a measurement of average sugar levels spanning 3 months) was over 9 with normal being less than 5.6.
They wanted to immediately start him on insulin. He wanted nothing of the sort.
So what did he do? He changed his lifestyle. He started riding his bike and kayaking pretty much daily after work.
He changed what he ate from large meals consisting mostly of carbohydrates (sugar) and fat to smaller portions of healthy selections (meat, fruits, vegetables).
While he agreed to start metformin, he did not go on insulin.
Within three months, he brought his fasting BG down to the 80s and his HgA1C to 5.0. He also lost nearly 30 pounds.
He was able to reduce the metformin to once a day and the goal is to stop it completely as he continues to lose weight.
You can reverse non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus diabetes, but you’ll need to change your lifestyle.
If there are no other underlying endocrine or metabolic disorders, you should be able to do it, but it’s not a “quick fix” or some miracle cure.
It does require the desire and motivation to change things for the better.
Following story is of 18 year boy:
I am currently 18 (male) and was when I was diagnosed back in September of 2018.
At that point I was overweight being 5’10 and weighing 210 pounds and pushing. Went to the hospital after having scary heart palpitations.
When I had a follow up with my GP he noticed elevated BG and decided to run more tests as well.
We determined as was diabetic as I had an A1C of 11.5. Even though I am quite young, the blood tests also determined I was type 2 or you can call non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
At that point I was anxious, scared, and depressed. I was also dealing with a case of trouble swallowing as well.
I was so angry that all of this happened to me towards the end of summer before my 1st semester of college.
My doctor had me go on insulin for 1 week.Then I was put on Metformin 2 times a day for the next 2 months.
Self-determined to not have any complication at such a young age, I completely revised my diet making sure what I was eating was low in carbs.
A significant change was getting rid of the soda that I used to drink 2-3 times a day.
After I got over the low-caffine headaches, I grew to love water and now the only things i drink is water (and milk in the morning sometimes).
Within a weeks of getting rid of the soda I lost around 30lbs! An important changes was that I made sure to fast 5 hours between meals (with no snacking) and a snack before bed.
I went to check up with the doctor in early October, around two months since I was put on the metformin.
We did all of the tests and etc… and my A1C had gotten all the way down to 6 nearly 2.5-3 months after diagnosis.
My doctor was proud and I was taken off the Metformin.
Over the next 3 months I continued with my diet and started to sprinkle in more exercise.
Although I still suffered some anxiety attacks, I was motivated this disease would not kill me young.
My BG was consistently on the lower end 70-110, with fasting BG in the morning being 70 and sometimes even in the 60’s
In late December 2018, I went in for another checkup.
Over the past months I was able to slowly drop another 10 pounds.
When all the test results came in it was as if I was diabetes free (although I know this is a lifelong ailment).
My A1C was 5.2! To this day I still continue with my diet
See, this is how anyone can reverse type 2 diabetes (non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). You also!!
Share this and educate your friends and family also.
What do you think, “Which is hard thing being Diabetic?”